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Antibiotic sensitivity pattern of bacterial isolates in burns wound infection in a tertiary care hospital

Volume No : (2016) Volume: 04 Issue : 24 Year : 2016 Page No: 726-729

Authors : K.V. Leela, Thyagarajan Ravinder, Radhika Katragadda, Lavanya K, Chandrasekaran K

Abstract :

Infection is an important cause of mortality in burns. Rapidly emerging nosocomial pathogens and the problem of multidrug resistance necessitates periodic review of isolation patterns and antibiogram in the burns ward. Aim: The present retrospective study from wounds of patients admitted to burns unit was undertaken to determine the sensitivity pattern from the burns ward over a period from June – November 2014. Methods: The antibiotic sensitivity pattern of bacterial isolate from burn patients admitted in Microbiology Laboratory, Govt. Kilpauk Medical College were studied. 1378 patients samples were collected which comprised of burn wound swabs. All samples were cultured on Nutrient agar, Mac conkey agar and Blood agar at 37ºC for 24 hrs. The isolates were identified by culture, and their antibiotic sensitivity determined. Results: The most common isolate was Staphylococcus aureus. All Staphylococcus aureus isolates were sensitive to Vancomycin (100%), followed by Doxycycline (67%) and Amikacin (62%). Most of the Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates were resistant to third generation Cephalosporins (62%) but sensitive to Imipenem (100%), Levofloxacin (100%), followed by Piperacillin and Tazobactam (87%), amikacin(51%). Imipenem (100%), Levofloxacin (100%), followed by Piperacillin and Tazobactam (98%) were sensitive in most of the isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

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