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Caprylic acid: An overview on biological importance

Volume No : (2016) Volume: 04 Issue : 22 Year : 2016 Page No: 212-215

Authors : Jasmine Chaudhary and Akash Jain

Abstract :

Fatty acids are essential bioactive compounds that take part in various complex metabolic pathways and thus play a very important role in normal growth and development of humans by regulating structure and functions of membranes, intracellular signaling pathways, gene expression and production of bioactive lipid mediators. Depending upon their dietary source, the type of fat consumed and its health consequences can be determined. Saturated fatty acids like caprylic acid, myristic acid, arachidic acid is obtained from butter, palm and coconut oil, lard etc. whereas unsaturated fatty acids are present in vegetable oils and marine products like algae and fish. Fatty acids are also reported to possess antiinflammatory, antithrombotic, anti-arrhythmic, hypolipidemic, antimicrobial, anticancer and vasodilatory properties. This review highlights the biological importance of caprylic acid, one of the important medium chain saturated fatty acid.

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