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Three-dimensional printing in pharmaceutical technology – An overview of innovations

Volume No : (2019) Volume: 07 Issue : 35 Year : 2019 Page No: 67-71

Authors : Mohammad Bakhatwar, Siva Ramesh Chikkala, V. N. Vamsi Krishna

Abstract :

Three-dimensional (3D) printing is an additive manufacturing (AM) technique competent of creating various 3D drug products and medical instruments from drug designs. SPRITAM was the first food and drug administration approved 3D printed drug product. It has advanced and inspired many researches in this field. Especially, the primary benefits of 3D printing are production of lot of medicines, each with specific dosages, shapes, sizes, and release features. 3D printer uses computer-aided design (CAD) model to execute rapid prototyping. In the age of personalized medicine, new platform required to produce the formulations with less toxicity, and to produce required action. This technology enables a flexible process for tailored dosing and drug combinations required. 3D printing is an AM technique

that design formulations with CAD support. The objects can be designed by layering process with the help of computer-aided design (CAD). This technology allows the combinations in single dosage. 

Drugs are physically separated by layers and their release also adjusted individually. Different types of drug delivery systems such as implants, microchips, micro pills, fast-dissolving tablets, and multiphase release dosage forms have been developed using 3D printing technology. This review mainly focuses on the introduction, principle involved in 3D printing and focused on its working and types of materials used in creating the 3D objects. It also includes the achievement, advantages, and disadvantages embedded by 3D printing

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