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Year : 2018   |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-5

Socio Economic Burden of Rheumatic Heart Disease: An Insightful look at in Indian Population

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) continues to be a major health hazard in most developing countries. RHD describes a group of short-term (acute) and long-term (chronic) heart disorders that occur as a result of acute rheumatic fever (RF). Acute RF is a condition in which the connective tissues of the body, the heart, joints, brain, and skin are swollen. It is usually seen in children who are 5–15 years old pediatric and juvenile mitral stenosis (MS), up to the age group of 12 and 20 years, respectively. Cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality in young people leading to about 250,000 deaths per year. Risk factors for acute RF include poverty, overcrowding, malnutrition, and maternal educational level and employment. RHD, 1990–2015 used multiple sources of data and epidemiological modelling techniques to estimate the global prevalence of and mortality due to RHD over a period of 25 years. India accounted for the highest estimated number of deaths due to RHD globally in 2015 with over 119,000 people were died. Acute RF and RHD have declined in many parts of the world; they continue to be a major cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in India. This is a tremendous national health burden, and since it mainly affects children and young adults, leads to significant social and economic losses. This necessitates thoughtful examination of the primary prevention of this devastating disease, i.e. better understanding and management of Group A streptococcal pharyngitis.
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